How to do Process Improvement with As-Is and To-Be Processes

If you’re getting into process management, the as-is and to-be process states are a must-know. Before you can make any adjustments to a process, you should have a clear idea of how it operates now, as well as what it’ll look like after you make any changes to it.

As-Is and To-Be Processes: The Basics

The as-is state of a process is the “now” state. It’s how the process operates before you make any changes or improvements. The to-be process, on the other hand, is the future state.

To actually make your process improvement initiative work, you need to document and map both states. The “as-is” allows you to get an accurate view of how the process works. Unless you’re someone personally responsible for working with that specific process, this part is essential for understanding how to make any sort of improvements.

Once you already know how the process is, you can analyze it and propose certain improvements. At that point, you need to document the to-be state. Having a map of the new process makes it easier to implement for several reasons…

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To help you actually understand how the two process states can help, we’ll explain how to document them and use the documentation for process improvement.

Step #1: Documenting the As-Is Process

Before you can actually document the as-is process state, you need to have a very clear understanding of it.

Unless you’ve worked the process yourself enough times, you’ll have to do some research.

There are several ways to gain an understanding of the process…

In most cases, it’s usually a good idea to add “interviews” to the process research mix. The people who are most knowledgeable about the process are, as you could have guessed, the employees who actually work on it. They can be a wealth of insight – some of them might even already have ideas on how to improve the process.

Ideally, you’d want to consult with employees who play different roles within the process.

So for example, let’s say you’re working with a client onboarding process. You’d want to talk with an employee from each of the following departments: sales, onboarding, and customer service.

Once you’ve got all the information on the process, you can start mapping it.

The most straightforward way to do that is with a process flowchart. Simply draw the different steps within the process, and you’re all set. So, for example…

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There are 3 main ways to do process mapping

  Not sure which software provider to choose from? Check out our comparison post of different workflow management systems.

Step #2: Analysing the As-Is Process and Finding Improvements

Before you can start with the to-be process documentation, you need to figure out what it looks like.

You need to analyze the as-is process and find any inefficiencies and flaws, some of which can be a bit hard to spot. Since every business has completely different processes, there’s no one sure-fire way to do this. You could, however, ask yourself the following questions to get some insight.

  This step can be a bit hard if you’re not a full-fledged process improvement consultant. To learn how to do it right, read up our guide to process analysis.

Step #3: Documenting and Implementing the To-Be Process

Once you’re done with the analysis, you should have several different ideas on how to improve the process.

At that point, you can start creating the to-be process map. This works just about the same way as mapping the as-is process: you create a flowchart that’s just about the same as the as-is process, with any adjustments you made present.

With the to-be process, the implementation is the harder part. Sometimes, your improvements might turn out to be not as effective as you’d thought. Others, your employees will take a while to get used to the new process.

There are several best practices we recommend to help make the implementation easier…


Implementing the to-be process state isn’t exactly the end of your work.

You need to make sure that the changes you’ve made are actually beneficial for the company. To do this, you need to make sure that the new metrics from post-implementation hold up to the old.

The simplest way to do this is by employing workflow management software. The software keeps track of your process output, letting you know whether the improvements you made are beneficial.

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